China Allows Three Children in Major Policy Shift

अंग्रेजी राजनीति विश्व स्वास्थ्य

Tuesday, June 1, 2021
China has announced that it will allow couples to have up to three children, after census data showed a decline in birth rates.

China scrapped its decades-old one-child policy in 2016, replacing it with a two-child limit.

The latest move was approved by President Xi Jinping at a meeting of top Communist Party officials.

It will come with “supportive measures, which will be conducive to improving our country’s population structure, fulfilling the country’s strategy of actively coping with an ageing population and maintaining the advantage, endowment of human resources”, according to Xinhua news agency.

It’s not a compulsion, those who want to have more kids could go for it; this is a legal signal that they have choice unlike before.

China’s one-child-policy had come into effect in 1979, as the population was huge, the highest in the world. So it was made mandatory inorder to control the birth rate, as China was proceeding with new development plans and strategies.

However, it was not levied on minority indigenous group with less population; mostly residing in the far mountainous regions.

Generations of Chinese people have lived without siblings and are used to small families – affluence has meant less need for multiple children to become family.

Due to better health facilities, a big part of the population is of the senior citizens.

So, the now adult one child of 80s has to look after his/her grand-parents, parents and children. No sibling means the entire responsibility on them.

As much as women living in expensive cities such as Beijing and Shanghai may wish to delay or avoid childbirth, those in the countryside are likely to still follow tradition and want large families.